The Cell and its Function
The center of life is found in the cell, which is the smallest building block of all organisms and fulfills vital functions that range from growth and mobility, to procreation and metabolism. Our body has over 80 to 100 billion cells. The cell nucleus stores and codes genetic information. These cells contain multiple power houses, or mitochondria, which ensure energy production by day and night. If these power houses do not completely fulfill their functions, then we suffer from loss of energy, our cells are not able to produce the important building blocks that are essential for the various other cell and organ functions. A malfunction of the mitochondria can produce a number of symptoms that range from weakness and lack of energy, to problems of specific organ functions, mood swings and limited fertility. The lifetime of our cells can be as little as a few days, or as long as our entire lives, as is the case of nerve cells.
In order for our cells to be protected, we need essential nutrients that act as the building blocks for cells. If these important substances are lacking, then the cell loses its effectiveness and cannot correctly carry out its functions.
An optimal nutritional supplement according to chronobiological standards, which makes the necessary substances available at the correct time of day, keeps cells healthy and supports the human organism in the upkeep of intended cell regulations. This serves to avoid, reverse, or at least slow down illnesses.
This type of stress results from the presence of free radicals that are able to develop unhindered in our organism. Aggressive oxygen or nitrogen bonds attack our cells and can impair their functional capability. This process can damage essential proteins, cell walls, or hereditary material and even weaken the immune system. The body can no longer defend itself correctly against exterior attacks, which is why a number of serious illnesses such as cardio-vascular diseases, rheumatic ailments and even cancer can occur. The reason for increased radical production is most likely our industrial lifestyle.
Contaminants such as nicotine, pesticides, various emissions, as well as the consumption of medications, electronic radiation and even stress provide for a heightened oxidative burden. Oxidative stress can go so far as to destroy cells. If too many are affected, then we age. Ultimately this can lead to death of the entire organ. If the body has a strong enough defense, then such damages can mostly be absorbed. Different metabolic products such as HDL-Glutathion or specific vitamins function as a defensive shield against free radicals. In the same manner, certain enzymes in our cells are able to control this aggressive oxygen connection.
Inflammatory stress, also known as inflammatory reaction, is active over many years, even though it may be inconspicuous and below our pain threshold. On the one hand, this “silent inflammation” is necessary in order to make certain metabolic processes easier, but on the other hand it is also a participant in numerous serious health problems such as cardiovascular illnesses, dementia, metabolic syndrome, osteoporosis and the development of cancer. Chronic inflammations are responsible for about 20 percent of cancer diseases. Acute inflammation is the normal healing process of the body when faced with infection. It is initiated automatically through certain nutritional molecules (Omega 6 fatty acids), and stopped with its natural counterparts (Omega 3 fatty acids). The pro-inflammation substances (especially in industrially processed plant oils) are present in modern nutrition in a weight that is 10 to 20 times larger than a normal weight. They begin chronic inflammation in the organs, for example in the blood vessels, which does not heal because anti-inflammatory fatty acids (f.e. cold water fish, walnuts, linseed, rapeseed and hemp) only play a minimal role in your diet.
Phytosubstances for Cell Protection
Antioxidants, ideally in the form of natural substances, are essential in order for the cell to stay healthy and counteract the attacks of free radicals that occur day after day. It is here that vitamins play an especially central role. The most well-known cell protectors are vitamins C, E, beta-carotene and the mineral selenium. Vitamin E is present in every cell membrane as the most important fat-soluble antioxidant and is in need of sufficient amounts of vitamin C as a helper. As a radical catcher, vitamin E protects organs such as the liver, brain and heart, as well as blood cells and musculature. This is why vitamin E, in conjunction with vitamin C, is one of the most important vitamins. These vital antioxidants keep the aging process at bay, are responsible for physical performance and can counteract premature aging. Sadly, a number of negative influences exist which impair vitamin E supply. These include an unhealthy diet and unfavorable lifestyle, which are factors that release increasing oxidative stress in body cells. If sufficient cell-protecting vitamin E is not present, then the degradation process of the body is sped up.
Vitamin C is also helpful in the protection of body cells, as it strengthens the natural immunity of the body and ensures regeneration of vitamin E. Beta-carotene also plays an important role to counteract free radicals. Other vitamins, especially those in the vitamin B class are not only active as antioxidants, but also support numerous mechanisms inside the cell in order to protect against free radicals. Selenium is a vital trace element, which helps with the production of enzymes that are important for the protection of the body. There are additional minerals (manganese, magnesium, chromium, iodine, etc.), which are significant co-factors for cell protection.
Cell Protecting Vitamins for the Morning:
- Vitamin A
- Natural Carotenoids
- Vitamin D
- Vitamin E
- Vitamin B6
- Vitamin C
- Vitamin K
Cell Protecting Vitamins for the Evening:
- Vitamin B1
- Vitamin B2
- Pantothenic Acid
- Folic Acid
Next to oxidative stress, chronic inflammation is the second mechanism why a cell or an organ—and thus the entire organism—ages prematurely or becomes susceptible to certain illnesses. There are also different substances which counteract inflammation. The most well-known product is certainly Aspirin®, which counteracts inflammation in different ways. Similar effects can also be reached through the use of specific phytonutrients, which are generally extracted from Southern fruits. Certain vegetables or agricultural plants such as green tea, cabbage and garlic contain substances that block enzymes that encourage or preserve chronic inflammation. As with almost all physiological processes in organisms, the inflammatory process is subject to specific time fluctuations throughout the day. This is why it is important to utilize the different inflammation blockers at the correct time of day or night in order for the effect to be optimal, while at the same time not interfering with other substances.
Anti-Inflammatory Substances for the Morning:
- PQQ (Pyrrolochinolinchinon)
- Fruit Extracts (Acai, Goji, Mangosteen, Pomegranate, Appel, Orange, Pineapple, Watermelon, Grapefruit, Peach, Papaya, Pear, Lime, Cherry, Plumb, Blueberry, Grape, Musk Melon, Cranberry, Mandarin, Citrus-Bioflavonoid)
- Vegetable Extracts (Broccoli, Cauliflower, Kale, Brussel Sprout, Spinach, Radish, Carrot, Beet, Tomato, Celery, Onion, Leek, Barley, Garlic, Cabbage, Parsley, Yellow Peppers)
Anti-Inflammatory Substances for the Evening:
- Beta Glucan
- Omega 3
A chronobiological approach to therapy can also be used in cells that are no longer part of the natural life cycle. On the one hand, the goal of this chronotherapy is to protect the healthy cells against currently used medications which are capable of killing. On the other hand, chronotherapy increases the effectiveness of the treatment against tumor cells. The first can be reached through the chronobiologically correct use of antioxidants or anti-inflammatory substances. Additionally, many of the chemotherapies in use today have a so-called therapeutic window. If they are used at the correct time of the day, they are significantly more effective while also having fewer side effects. In addition to this therapy optimization, natural substances can also be used which are said to demonstrate effect mechanisms.
Certain tumor cells have specific genes, or gene sections, that are so altered that they can no longer be read. When the phytonutrient reactivates this gene, then the cell can initiate the programmed cell death. Other substances lead to DNA (the place of cell process regulation) becoming more susceptible to anti-cancer substances. Other phytonutrients regulate the expression of specific modulators within tumor cells, which can also be used to initiate natural cell death. All of these effect mechanisms reach into those cells that evidence disturbed mechanisms; in other words, they reach into the tumor cells rather than into healthy cells. Just as with the chemotherapies described above, these phytonutrients also have an ideal time of day in which they are able to reach optimal effectiveness.
Substances for the Morning:
Substances for the Evening: